Diet Quality Indices and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Journal of Insights in Nutrition and Metabolism is a peer-reviewed, open-access scholarly journal focused on publishing articles in all aspects of Nutrition, Metabolism, and their related disorders.
DM is defined as “a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from either the deficiency in insulin secretion or the action of insulin.” The poorly controlled DM can lead to damage various organs, especially the eyes, kidney, nerves, and cardiovascular system. In T2DM, there is insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency. GDM is any degree of glucose intolerance that is recognized during pregnancy.
Dietary habits and sedentary lifestyle are the major factors for rapidly rising incidence of DM among developing countries. In type 2 diabetics, recently, elevated HbA1c level has also been considered as one of the leading risk factors for developing microvascular and macrovascular complications. Improvement in the elevated HbA1c level can be achieved through diet management; thus, the patients could be prevented from developing the diabetes complications.
Relation between Diet and Type 2 DM:
The role of diet in the etiology of T2DM was proposed by Indians as mentioned earlier, who observed that the disease was almost confined to rich people who consumed oil, flour, and sugar in excessive amounts.30 During the First and Second World Wars, declines in the diabetes mortality rates were documented due to food shortage and famines in the involved countries such as Germany and other European countries.
Many studies have reported a positive association between high intake of sugars and development of T2DM.Recently, evidence suggested a link between the intake of soft drinks with obesity and diabetes, resulting from large amounts of high fructose corn syrup used in the manufacturing of soft drinks, which raises blood glucose levels and BMI to the dangerous levels.
Dietary Knowledge of Type 2 Diabetics:
Nutritionists advised that nutrition is very important in managing diabetes, not only type but also quantity of food which influences blood sugar. Meals should be consumed at regular times with low fat and high fiber contents including a limited amount of carbohydrates. It was observed that daily consumption of protein, fat and energy intake by Saudi residents were higher than what is recommended by the International Nutritional Organization.
T2DM patients require reinforcement of DM education including dietary management through stakeholders (health-care providers, health facilities, etc.) to encourage them to understand the disease management better, for more appropriate self-care and better quality of life.
Awareness about diabetes complications and consequent improvement in dietary knowledge, attitude, and practices lead to better control of the disease. Nutrition methods are appropriate way to reduce the complications and problems and mortality from diabetes.
Nutrition education in these patients is a necessity, given that the patient is the main responsible for treating and controlling the disease.
The journal provides an opportunity to share the information among the food, nutritional, medical scientists, researchers and students. It aims to publish most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments in the mode of Editorial, letter, Case Reports, Short Communications, Original and Review Articles from leading scientists and scholars around the world in all areas of food, nutrition, biochemistry, physiology, pathology and medicine.
Submit manuscript online at : https://www.scholarscentral.org/submissions/insights-nutrition-metabolism.htmlor as an attachment to this
Share the Knowledge and spread the awareness about the Right Nutrition.
Insights in Nutrition and Metabolism