Insights in Nutrition and Metabolism:Childhood Nutrition
A healthy diet helps children grow and learn. It also helps prevent obesity and weight-related diseases, such as diabetes.
To give child a nutritious diet: Make half of what is on your child's plate fruits and vegetables
Choose healthy sources of protein, such as lean meat, nuts, and eggs
Serve whole-grain breads and cereals because they are high in fiber. Reduce refined grains.
Broil, grill, or steam foods instead of frying them Limit fast food and junk food Offer water or milk instead of sugary fruit drinks and sodas
During this stage of life, it's almost all about the milk — whether it's breast milk, formula, or a combination of the two. Breast milk or formula will provide practically every nutrient a baby needs for the first year of life. At about six months most babies are ready to intake solid foods like iron-fortified infant cereal and strained fruits, vegetables, and pureed meats.
Toddlers & Preschoolers:
Toddlers and preschoolers grow in spurts and their appetites should include calcium, the body's building block which is needed to develop strong, healthy bones and teeth. Children may not believe or care that milk "does a body good," but it is the best source of much-needed calcium.
Fiber is another important focus. This is the time to encourage fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and beans, which all provide fiber. Not only does fiber prevent heart disease and other conditions, but it also helps aid digestion and prevents constipation, something you and your child will be thankful for.
The body needs carbs (sugars), fats, and sodium, but should be eaten in moderation, as too much can lead to unneeded weight gain and other health problems.
Preteens & Teen:
Like calories, calcium requirements are higher. Calcium is more important than ever during the tween and teen years because the majority of bone mass is built during this time. Encouraging kids to have milk, milk products, or calcium-rich alternatives, should help them get more calcium.
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Insights in Nutrition and Metabolism